28 Feb

Cyber Security: Small Businesses Now Subject to Mandatory Reporting of Data Breaches

Image: Small businesses that don’t report cyber security attacks will face a maximum fine of $1.8 million under new laws. Image from Max Pixel, under a CCO Public Domain License.

New laws introduced this month will require all small businesses to report data breaches to the Office of the Australian Commissioner (OAIC), along with the person affected.

The Notifiable Data Breaches Scheme (NDB) came into effect on 22 February and requires businesses and organisations to report unauthorised access of anyone’s personal information to the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC), as well as any individual affected.

The Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman warns that a data breach (unauthorised access of someone’s personal information) via a business computer system could be carried out by another employee, an independent contractor or an external third party or hacker.

Businesses faced with a data breach incident will now have to report the incident or face a penalty of $360,000 for individuals and $1.8 million for organisations.

For small business owners, including farmers, the new laws serve as a timely reminder about the benefits of good record keeping and office security.

‘If someone steals info or gains info from your systems that could cause serious damage to an individual, like physical damage, psychological damage, financial damage or reputational damage, you have to report it,’ said Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman Kate Carnell.

‘Protect your business’s data like you would your office: lock up at night, don’t give the keys to anyone you don’t trust, and report any suspicious activity that takes place on your premises,’ she said.

Small businesses can implement basic changes to avoid the risk of being compromised, including:

  • Prevention
    • Back up IT systems regularly
    • Install security updates
    • Use complex passwords and two-step authentication systems
    • Limit access to administrator accounts and sensitive information
  • Sound Practices
    • Make cyber security an ongoing conversation within your business
    • Browse safe sites
    • Only install apps you trust on your devices
  • Respond
    • If you think you’ve experienced a data breach, report it to the authorities and your staff
    • Restore backups from before the incident
    • Consider cyber insurance

Need to know more?
Breach definitions and information about how to report a breach are available on the OAIC website and the Cyber Security Best Practise Guide is also a useful point of reference.

Sources: Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman

28 Feb

Australia’s Green Bank Commits $100 Million to Clean Energy in Agriculture

Image: Investments in clean energy farming projects are hoped to improve financial and environmental outcomes. Image by Kellie Jane, under a creative commons license.

A new $100 million fund is set to accelerate the rate of investment in Australian agriculture, with a focus on improving on-farm sustainability and energy efficiency.

The Australian Government’s green bank – the Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) – has partnered with the agricultural arm of Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets (MIRA) to invest in projects that will lower on-farm emissions through the use of precision agriculture technologies and improved on-farm practises.

The fund will invest in a range of agricultural sub-sectors including grains and permanent plantings, with a view to improve on-farm energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. According to the CEFC, project merit will be determined by its ability to improve the energy efficiency of production and associated financial and environmental gains.

The CSIRO has also been named as a partner in the collaboration, offering scientific expertise and sharing information about clean energy farming methods amongst the wider agricultural community.

The investment indicates a strong commitment by the Australian Government in relation to energy efficiency in agriculture, which is responsible for 13% of the nations greenhouse gas emissions.

About the CEFC

The CEFC is a corporate government entity, created by the Australian Government under the Clean Energy Finance Corporation Act 2012 to increase the flow of money into clean energy projects.

The development of the CEFC included the provision of $10 billion in funding for the initial five-year term. To date, funds have been invested in projects including solar, wind, bioenergy, community housing, infrastructure, manufacturing and resources and climate bonds.

The provision is also used to fund dedicated programs mandated by the Australian Government including the Clean Energy Innovation Fund ($200 million), the Reef Funding Program ($1 billion) and the Sustainable Cities Investment Program ($1 billion).

Finance options include project finance, equity finance, corporate loans and aggregation finance, where $3 of privately secured investment is matched by $1 of CEFC funds.

Despite reporting a profit of 7% in 2013, the Abbot Government attempted to abolish the CEFC, but the legislation was blocked in the Senate. In response, Tony Abbott banned the green bank from investing in wind power and rooftop solar projects – a decision that was later reversed by Malcolm Turnbull.

CEFC’s 2016-2017 annual report revealed the fund abated 7.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (C02e) in 2017 alone. Across the life of the projects, this equated to 121 million tonnes of abated C02e.

Sources: CEFC, Renew Economy, CEFC

28 Feb

Goat for You: MLA pushes to increase Australian goat meat consumption

Image: Four boys riding goats, ca. 1918. State Library of Queensland.

Value-added goat meat products could generate an additional $13 million for the industry, according to a recently released report.

Value adding goat meat for domestic consumers was commissioned by Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) with the aim of identifying strategies to increase the domestic consumption of goat meat.

The Australian goat meat sector has generally relied on the export market as its main customer base. In 2016, 88% of goatmeat (30,680 tonnes) was sent offshore.

Increasing domestic demand for goat meat would help the industry to retain a bigger slice of the profits and, according to MLA Goat Industry Project Manager Julie Petty, would also act as a risk management strategy.

‘While the goat meat export market is lucrative for producers, a healthy level of domestic demand would provide a degree of insurance against any export downturn. More importantly, domestic demand would also enhance the industry’s reputation, encouraging more producers and supply chain players to participate in goatmeat production’, she said.

‘Young families, adventurous cooks, millennials, empty nesters and professional couples were identified in the study as consumer segments that could add goatmeat in their repertoire of meal occasions if convenient meal solutions were presented to them.’

According to Ms Petty, increasing consumer demand for goat meat relies on improving its profile to the same level as other ‘secondary animal proteins’ – such as salmon, tuna, mussels, duck, kangaroo, turkey and venison.

‘In the last 20 years, several secondary proteins have risen to prominence beyond the restaurant scene, to become mainstays of supermarket offerings, where most Australians buy their meat,’ Ms Petty said.

Goats Good for Summerville Station

A move from raising sheep and cattle to goats has resulted in financial and practical benefits for the Newton family on Summerville Station, 30kms eat of Bourke in New South Wales.

Despite his father’s reputation as a ‘staunch’ Merino producer, Rob Newton, along with his wife Marie, completed the transition in 2017.

The ease of handling and maintenance of goats combined with their strong financial performance ‘sealed the deal’ for the family, who sell between 150,000 to 200,000 animals each year, mostly for the meat trade. In addition to their 56,000-hectare station, the family also runs a goat depot, sourcing animals from a 200km radius.

During the transition, the property boundary was fenced for goats. As the enterprise grew, they began re-fencing the interior of the property, breaking paddocks up into smaller, manageable sizes.

‘Our black soil country can carry a higher stocking rate with the clovers and Mitchell grass, so we’ve been aiming for paddocks from 1,000 to 1,600ha in those areas and 2,400 to 4,000ha in the red mulga country,’ Rob said.

Keeping a close eye on stocking rates, the Newtons aim to retain 6,000 to 8,000 breeding rangeland does, to be crossed with the better rangeland bucks.

‘We’re selecting bucks based only on physical appearance at the moment and loosely on the same kinds of characteristics you’d look for in your bulls. We want well-muscled animals with a deep chest, good frame and short hair. The shorter hair is important for our buyers as the goats are mostly sold skin-on and the shorter hair is easier to remove’.

Most animals are sent to Charleville in Queensland for the whole carcase export trade, but there is also domestic demand for goat meat.

‘Our target for the domestic market are Sydney butchers and wholesalers supplying the Asian ethnic communities. Through Nyngan, we process 1,000 to 1,200 goats per week in winter and supply them skin-on, frozen to our Sydney buyers. They want whole, skin-on carcases no bigger than 12kg.

‘We stockpile suitable carcases during summer to make sure we can meet demand in winter. This is actually easier from a processing perspective because in summer, the goats are not as hairy and this is better for the small de-hairer in the Nyngan plant. We’d put 200-300 animals through a week in summer,’ he said.

Sources: MLA, MLA



28 Feb

Alex Plants the Seed for On-Farm Safety

Image: Chris Thomas, a former pastoralist, inspired his daughter Alex to improve the safety of farming families. Image supplied.

Adelaide-based Safety Consultant Alex Thomas has been awarded the 2018 AgriFutures Rural Women’s Award, earning a bursary of $10,000 to launch her ‘Plant a Seed for Safety’ social media campaign.

Having spent her formative years on Parnaroo Station near Yunta, Ms Thomas has first hand experience of the difficulties faced by farming families and the role that workplace health and safety plays in farm sustainability.

Thirty years ago, her father contracted Q-Fever from goats, which – combined with drought conditions and a marriage breakdown – resulted in the family property being sold. The situation inspired Ms Thomas to pursue a career in workplace health and safety with a goal of helping other families to avoid a similar fate.

‘The fatality rate for a work-related injury in agriculture is eight times higher than the national average and because women are key influences in their businesses, communities and family, they have a capacity to push change,’ she said.

She stresses that practical on-farm change – rather than being bogged down in paperwork – is key in implementing workplace health and safety performance.

‘It’s already been proven in other industries that safety paperwork doesn’t necessarily save lives. In order to seriously reduce the number of work-related fatalities in agriculture – we need to focus on fixing what it is that’s actually killing people’.

According to Ms Thomas, the key to cultural change is the role of women in driving improvement in on-farm practices.

‘They’re inherently more risk averse, they’re connected with the community, and they’re fantastic communicators. And above all – they care – and it’s in harnessing this care factor, that becomes their capacity to lead change.

‘As the experts and key influencers for their husbands, their businesses and their community, I believe rural women are the catalyst for change.’

Planting a Seed for Safety

The $10,000 bursary will be used by Ms Thomas to implement a social media campaign to increase awareness and change amongst family farmers, including free, downloadable resources.

‘Over the next twelve months, I’m going to launch the #PlantASeedForSafety social media campaign – which seeks to engage and empower rural women for change by profiling them and their stories of the changes they’ve instigated that have the potential to save a life.

‘I’m also going to develop free tools for the industry to reduce the costs associated with engaging consultants, and provide meaningful direction in how to prevent a fatality’ she said.

Alex Thomas has been featured as an expert on farm safety in several articles included in The Lucas Group e-newsletters – Taking the Bull by the Horns: Agriculture Finally Faces up to WH&S Obligations and Satellite Technology Making Station Life Safer

Sources: Stock Journal

31 Jan

There’s an App for That: Geofencing Technology Offers a Biosecurity Boost for Grapegrowers

Image: Project Boundary Rider was developed to assess the use of spatial technologies in protecting the wine grape industry from pest and disease threats. Image supplied by Vinehealth Australia.

Could the smartphone be used in the fight against on-farm biosecurity risks? A recent trial led by Vinehealth Australia has shown encouraging results.

Protecting South Australia’s winegrape industry is serious business when you consider that the industry contributes an estimated $2.11 billion to the State’s economy each year.

Vinehealth Australia – the body charged with leading the fight against phylloxera and other pest and disease threats in South Australia – has recently completed a project aimed at assessing the fit of a pocket-based solution to help growers tackle biosecurity issues at the farm-gate level.

Coined Project Boundary Rider, the demonstration pilot was rolled out among selected vineyards in 2017 as a way to see what role spatial technologies might play in on-farm biosecurity.

How the Technology Works

The system uses geofencing technology to define a virtual boundary around a grower’s holdings, with triggers set up to send a notification each time a smartphone crosses the property boundary.

Once the geofences are established, the landholder and any visitors use the Boundary Rider app to track movement across the property, providing notifications and alerts to users.

The log of movements across the property is stored in a cloud-based server and is available for the grower and Vinehealth Australia to review. In the case of pest or disease outbreaks, this information can be accessed to potentially help pinpoint the source and minimise any spread.

Project Boundary Rider

In 2017, a trial of the technology was launched among vineyard owners in the Barossa and McLaren Vale regions on a total of 130 separately fenced sections.

Once the geofences were established, vineyard workers and contractors downloaded the Boundary Rider app that automatically monitors movements across the boundary.

‘[During the trial, we] recorded more than 4,194 sets of movements across the geofences in the pilot. These movements have been consolidated into electronic visitor logbooks for each vineyard owner, with records showing who has gone in and out and when,’ said Suzanne McLoughlin, Technical Manager for Vinehealth Australia.

Assessing the Potential

Vinehealth Australia CEO Inca Pearce says the pilot showed ‘huge scope’ for the tool to be used in the fight against biosecurity risks.

‘The trial proved that the system definitely has the capability to act as a biosecurity measure,’ she said.

‘Pilot participants reported that there were several other benefits from using the app including monitoring mainstream security, tracking the spread of weeds and helping protect workers from chemical exposure after a spray application.’

Since releasing information about the trial, several other agricultural sectors have expressed interest in the technology.

‘Representatives from the pork, dairy and grains industries are interested in how the technology could be adapted to suit their biosecurity needs,’ Inca said.

‘We did identify a few technical issues with the system, including the drain on battery power, but technology in this area is rapidly improving the performance in this regard. Once these issues have been solved, there is good potential for the technology to be rolled out on a broader basis.’

Vinehealth Australia was commended for Project Boundary Rider with a Small Project Award at the South Australian Spatial Excellence Awards in 2017.

Sources: Vinehealth Australia

31 Jan

Breakthrough in Disease Management Offers Hope to Global Citrus Industry

Image: North and South American citrus crops have been decimated by citrus greening disease. Image by pics_pd from Pixnio under a CC0 licence.

Brazilian researchers are one step closer to having a viable solution for citrus greening disease, after a breakthrough identified a molecule responsible for attracting the insect that spreads the disease.

Following six years of research, scientists at Fundo de Defesa da Citricultura (Fundeciturs) have isolated a molecule that attracts the insect responsible for spreading citrus greening disease – a plague-like disease that has caused havoc in the citrus growing regions in North and South America.

Having identified this molecule, researchers now hope to harness the pheromone to develop a product to attract and trap the insect, preventing it from infecting further trees. A commercial solution should be available to growers in 12-months, according to the researchers leading the project.

“This will not cure greening disease, but it will allow us to work in an intelligent and assertive way against the insect,’ said Juliano Ayres, general manager of Fundecitrus.

About Citrus Greening Disease

Trees with citrus greening disease (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) produce green, misshapen and bitter fruit, and die within a few years. Over the past ten years, the disease has had a devastating impact on the citrus growing regions in North and South America. In Brazil’s main orange producing regions – Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais, 32 million trees are infected with the disease, out of a total of 175 million trees.

In California, the first cases of the disease were identified in 2008. More than 75% of Californian citrus trees have been infected, with industry losses estimated to be more than US$4.6billion in revenue and US$1.76billion in job losses. Earlier this year, Hurricane Irma caused widespread damage across California, compounding the woes of many citrus growers.

Citrus fruit is also grown in Texas and Florida, which have both suffered the ill effects of citrus greening disease.

Citrus Greening Disease Down Under

While Australia has remained free of citrus greening disease, some experts believe that current biosecurity measures are not enough to adequately protect the local citrus industry.

Adjunct professor Andrew Beattie from the University of Western Sydney warns that a lack of monitoring the psyllid insect that carries the disease poses a risk for Australian growers.

‘We must be thoroughly prepared, but I don’t believe that we are. I think the current incursion management plan is not adequate and needs revision because it’s more generic than it needs to be’, he said.

Dr Beattie believes that individual trees in Australia could be infected, but the disease hasn’t spread because of the lack of psyllids in Australia.

‘Travellers pose a risk because infested fresh curry leaves were intercepted in 2013’, he said.

It is also feasible for psyllids to arrive in Australia on cyclonic winds, as they did in Florida.

Sources: The Australian, Daily Bulletin, Chicago Tribune, ABC

31 Jan

Upgraded dairy leads to happier farmer and happier cows

Image: Dairy Farmer Geoff Hutchinson with his newly installed automated dairy. Image from The Stock Journal.

A newly installed parlour-style dairy has helped farmer Geoff Hutchinson to improve the profitability and productivity of his Fleurieu Peninsula dairy farm.

For many dairy farmers across Australia, innovation and progress are essential ingredients to remain sustainable in such a complex and volatile sector of the industry.

In Myponga on the Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia, the move to a modern milking system has helped farmer Geoff Hutchinson stay ahead of the curve by improving daily operations, as well as increasing the well being of his herd.

The new dairy is a DeLaval P2100 Parallel Parlour, currently able to milk 30 cows at any one time with the capacity to increase that number to 36. The increased capacity will allow Mr Hutchinson to increase his herd from 200 to 240 Holstein cows.

Precision Nutrition

On top of the added capacity, the new system is able to trickle feed grain to cows while they are milked. Feed rations are formulated to suit each animal’s production and lactation requirements, triggered by the electronic ID tag in each animal’s ear.

‘Anything giving over 20 litres a day gets nine kilograms of grain and then it’s averaged down for the cows giving less or getting closer to drying off,’ said Mr Hutchinson.

‘But one of the features for me is it doesn’t drop [the grain] in one big hit, it feeds it out about 1kg a minute.”

Steadying the flow of grain has meant less waste and mess and seemingly happier cows.

‘They just sit there and chow down on grain and are very happy’.

‘Output’ is also dealt with more effectively, with a gutter collecting manure before an auto flush system removes it.

Along with an auto-draft and electronic ID systems, the new set up has halved milking times from four to two hours per shift, meaning more time at pasture for the cows and an increase in employee productivity.

Fleurieu Milk Company

As a part owner of the Fleurieu Milk Company, milk produced on Mr Hutchinson’s farm is transported to a nearby factory to be used in milk and yoghurt products.

The company was started by Mr Hutchinson and two farming neighbours in 2003 as a way to improve the profitability and viability of their farms. Now offering a range of milk, flavoured milk, cream and yoghurts, the brand focuses on the direct-from-the-farmer message to appeal to consumers.

The short physical distance between supplying dairies and the factory provides the Fleurieu Milk Company with a key point of difference from its competitors, alongside the un-homogenised products and farmer-friendly brand.

Sources: The Stock Journal, Fleurieu Milk Co.

31 Jan

Taking the Bull by the Horns: Agriculture Finally Faces Up to WH&S Obligations

Image: Working in agriculture poses the highest risk factor for Australian workers. Image: Rustic Farm by Marvin10 from pixabay, available through a CC0 license.

A new focus on safety and risk by agricultural companies signals a change in attitude towards workplace health and safety.

Australian agriculture has one of the worst safety records with a 2016 report citing 14.8 fatalities per 100,000 workers, double the fatality rate of any other industry.

Despite the traditionally casual approach to safety in agriculture, a recent increase in the hiring of risk management specialists is proof that attitudes in the industry are starting to change.

‘Over the past five years we’ve seen a greater emphasis on safety within human resources and operations management roles’, said Geoff Lucas, CEO of The Lucas Group.

‘More recently, we’ve been engaged by clients to identify candidates to specifically manage WH&S, this shows that agricultural corporations are focussing more on compliance and risk management’.

Mr Lucas believes that candidates who have cut their teeth on safety in other industries bring a new set of skills and experience to agriculture.

‘They come from highly compliant environments such as mining and construction, which provides agricultural businesses highly trained staff who are able to offer a new perspective on a range of safety and risk management systems’, said Mr Lucas.

Reputational Risk

In addition to protecting workers from being harmed, the growing trend towards a focus on on-farm safety stems from a need to protect the reputation of the industry for the benefit of potential investors.

According to Kim Morrison, a senior executive with Blue Sky Alternative Investments, agriculture’s traditionally poor safety record is a big turn off for superannuation investors.

‘Reputational risk is a big issue for these super funds. They don’t want to be on the front page of the newspaper for the wrong reasons,’ he said.

‘Unless you can illustrate best practice and show you are doing the training and investing in this, it’s simply not going to qualify for institutional investment’.

A New Appointment

Hancock Farmland Services Australia has joined the growing band of safety-conscious companies having recently created a dedicated safety and risk position.

The newly appointed Health, Safety, Environment and Risk Manager will be responsible for minimising WH&S risks and incidents across the company’s almond holdings.

According to the Hanock’s Managing Director Andrew Strahley, the position was created to further improve the company’s culture of improved safety.

‘[We want] to continuously develop the company’s health and safety strategy and manage the delivery of initiatives associated with that strategy’, said Mr Strahley.

The appointment of the new health, safety, environment and risk management resulted in a candidate selection process managed by The Lucas Group.

Managing the Transition

Independent work health and safety consultant Alex Thomas cautions that WHS models from other industries need to be adapted to suit agriculture and agribusiness entities.

‘It’s important to acknowledge the intent of legislation – which is simply to prevent someone from being killed or seriously injured. WHS practitioners that have come from other industries are often inclined to take a more bureaucratic approach – which can easily detract from the practical management of critical risks’, she said.

According to Ms Thomas, farmers can make efficiency gains in WHS by implementing cultural change.

‘The best catalyst for making positive changes to work health and safety is to engage with your workers and to lead by example. Business owners do not necessarily need to fork out in order to improve the safety of their workers’.

Sources: The Weekly Times


30 Nov

2017 Harvest a Mixed Bag for Australian Grain Growers

Image from MaxPixel under a CCO creative commons license.

Poor early season conditions, unseasonably high temperatures and a lack of rain have led to a concerning season to growers in many grain regions around Australia.

In September this year, the Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences announced that this year’s harvest would be 40% smaller than 2016 harvest with all major crops ‘suffering significant falls in production’.

Regional RoundUp

Late opening rains challenged farmers on the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, although initial harvest reports suggest that some areas have seen some recovery. While yields are still below average, grain quality is generally good. Recent rains put a stop to harvest across the state, no doubt causing further frustration for growers.

Tough growing conditions and a difficult harvest were compounded with the news that the ban on genetically modified crops in South Australia will likely be extended until 2025, after legislation was passed in state parliament.

Rain has been a recent thorn in the side of Victorian growers, with some areas experiencing damaging hailstorms over the weekend. Reports of hail were recorded across the state from Donald to Eat of Echuca with hailstones 2cm in diameter seen in Boort and Serpentine.

Many farmers north of Emerald in Queensland finished up harvesting some weeks ago, and those yet to finish have had to wait out the rains to finish up. Moisture has contributed towards the downgrading of quality with chickpeas splitting and becoming mouldy.

The story is similar in Southern Queensland and northwest New South Wales where reaping has been halted with wet weather. The first deliveries of chickpeas have been downgraded with issues including poor colour, staining, frost damage and mould.

In Western Australia, things are looking up with an improvement in the harvest estimate up to 12.3 million tonnes, with potential for 13mt. WA’s record was set last year when harvested grain totalled 16.6mt.

This year, favourable late-season temperatures and good September rains have led to increased confidence in the industry. Of all grain types, wheat had the highest estimate increase to 6.9mt.

Profitable Season for GrainCorp

Last week GrainCorp announced annual profits of $142million, more than double the profit earned in the previous financial year ($53million). The company cited strong global demand for malting barley, driven by the growing craft beer market, and the record 2016 harvest, as drivers of the increase.

Sources: Farm Weekly, ABC, ABC, Weekly Times, The Land,

30 Nov

Abattoir in Hot Water over Animal Welfare

Image: Animal welfare activists captured the footage at the Star Poultry Supply abattoir in Melbourne. Photo by Skeeze from Pixabay, under a Creative Commons 2.0 License.

The poultry industry is the latest to be accused of serious breaches in animal welfare standards after video footage emerged of live chickens being submerged in boiling water.

The footage, which was obtained by ABC’s 7.30 program, shows hens being boiled alive at the Star Poultry Supply slaughterhouse in Melbourne.

It is believed that the abattoir slaughters the hens at 18 months after they are retired from laying eggs. According to industry regulations, chickens should be stunned and then killed immediately with a slit to the throat, before being plunged into boiling water to remove their feathers. But the footage clearly shows the chickens are conscious prior to being submerged in the water.

Follow-Up Action

In March this year, the footage was handed PrimeSafe – the Victorian abattoir regulator, who investigated the matter and subjected the abattoir to ‘enforcement action and increased regulatory oversight until improvements in animal handling, including back-up slaughter, were implemented,’ according to a statement released by PrimeSafe.

The matter was then referred to Agriculture Victoria, but the department declined to launch an official investigation of the matter.

A statement from the department said ‘Agriculture Victoria was satisfied that the remedial action being taken by the company, at the direction of PrimeSafe, and some staff changes would help manage the instances of poor practices demonstrated on the footage.’

Poultry Consultant Greg Mills explains that the outcome is balanced in terms of animal welfare and industry needs.

‘If the animal welfare concerns stem from a process issue within the abattoir, you can fix that rather quickly. The best welfare outcome is to have the facility running and running well,’ he said.

Mr Mills explained that shutting down the facility – as a short-term or permanent options, would risk transferring animal welfare concerns to other parts of the supply chain.

‘There aren’t a lot of similar facilities, so you risk putting slaughtering back on farms which could create other issues’.

Sources: ABC, News

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